Sports at the Ancient Olympic Games

The Olympic Games held twice in four years, derived from a distant past. Already in the eighth century f.Kr. in Olympia the first race organised by the ancient Greeks. In the years since the games were expanded. Event not later than five days more and more different sports have practiced there.

The very first games

The year 776 BC was the first Olympic Games were held in Olympia. Heracles here would be a demigod in Greek mythology, has organized a party for his father Zeus. From that year the ancient Greeks organized every four years in this place. These were so important that the war was stopped there. This made the participants namely safe to travel to Olympia. The first Olympic Games was much smaller than it is today, it was in fact only part. This part was a race over a distance of 190 metres. There were only men to take part and the winner received a wreath of olive leaves and of course honor.

Changes

In the following years, the event has continued to evolve. Competitions were held in several disciplines, and instead of one day games would take five days. Another change was that from 720 BC the only participants were allowed to compete naked. Firstly, it becomes more possible to verify that there are no women who had attended disguised as a man. In addition, the beauty of the human body in this way is seen well. Also the award winner, who had to be changed. Laurel was, but also the price. a sum of money, tax exemptions or any day may eat in the Town Hall.

Sports

Share held in the beginning of the OS were: rider, running, martial arts, sports throw and long jump with a proper sports bra.

Equestrian
The Olympic Games were opened with a number of horse or horse. The opening song was the chariot race with four horses, which were held at the Hippodrome. The Hippodrome was formed by a long way in nature.After the names of the owners of all participating four-horse chariots was called immediately began the race. In addition to this race car with four-horse Chariots, there was also a part with two clamp and a race without cars. In this last race was the truckers without saddle on the horse; also used no jumpers. In each of these three components were equestrian rider or driver not the winner of the race when he first came over the finish line, but the one who owned the horses. This got the wreath of olive leaves and honor and all other rates, where the skaters or the drivers are not even mentioned.
Run
After the Sprint distance of 190 metres, where the first Olympic Games where there were several routes will be added to this section. So it was a distance of less than 400 metres, a distance of over 4.5 kilometres. In addition, there was still a chorus part where participants as opposed to the other sports were not completely naked: the hiplotodromos. This was a long sprint distance where the contestant had a helmet and leg protection, also wore a shield with him.
Martial arts
This section had three different numbers: wrestling, boxing and pankration. Wrestling at the games had two forms: ground wrestling and wrestling upright. On the ground Wrestling was intended to reduce your opponent’s shoulders to the ground without bite, or stumps. A manner that sometimes was used to overcome the opponent, was trying to break his fingers, although this was not, in fact, is allowed under the rules. In wrestling upright intention was the opponent with back, hip or shoulder pressed against the ground. If successful, this was three times winner announced. Another way to win was to strangle opponent until it gave up.
Participants in the boxing bar belts of leather around their hands and wrists, which were later reinforced with metal, The athletes here were not classified on the basis of the weight as now is the case. There were only looking at a person’s age, in which the separation was 21 years. Pankration was a combination of boxing and wrestling, where no gloves were used. In this martial art also got to kick the opponent.
Kickback sports
Another rung in the beginning of the OS was Spears. Javelin was used by the ancient Greeks in hunting and in war and now also as a contest where the goal was to throw the Javelin as far as possible. This older wooden Spears were used. Spears was a leather strap that was to adjust the Javelin in flight revolved around its own axis. This gave more stability, so that the spear went on. Another role was popular discus, in which a disc thrown as far as possible. It seems that the participants did that then as now with a twist. But they were not in a circle that is the case today.
Continue
See the jump athlete took enough not to run, but jumped from position. In addition, the jumpers in both hands folded. During the jump, swinging the weights forward to get to jump as far as possible. There is a weight of 4.5 kg were found, but if these two really have been used is not clear. Possibly these were not the weights actually used, but the decorative weights. For the long jump, there is a record of the ancient Greeks known condition on over 16.5 meters. Since this is very long, it is more likely that the results of several experiments were added together. Another option is that a kind of hop, skip and jump took place.

At the end of the first Olympic Games

In the second century BC, the Romans conquered the ancient Greece. The Romans continued to organise the Olympic Games, to 393 after Christ. Emperor Theodosius I, a Christian, was a Pagan tradition that does not fit with Christianity, and prohibited games. It would take until 1896 for again the Olympics were held: the first modern Olympic Games. There are now two versions: the summer and winter games, which are held each time in a different country. The games will be expanded. Some of the many sports activities, handball, hockey, fencing, athletics, swimming, gymnastics, sailing, skating, tennis and snowboarding.

Gallery

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