From the Latin defēctus, a defect is an imperfection in someone or something. The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) defines the term as the lack of some quality of something.
For example: “I would like to change these trousers: they have a defect at the knee”, “Analysts declared that the new car of the German firm is almost perfect since it is very difficult to find any defect”, “The tendency to exaggerate It’s your worst flaw. ”
The concept is used as a synonym for error, failure or malfunction. Defects can be perceptible by the senses (such as a shirt with a missing button), be noticed in the operation of something (a car with brake problems) or be linked to something more symbolic or subjective (the moral defects of a person ).
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The human being tends to recognize two types of defects in his person or in others: physical defects and internal defects. Physical defects are usually associated with an ideal of beauty and can be concealed with various techniques (certain clothing, makeup, etc.).
However, it must be stressed that on a physical level there are a series of defects of a certain gravity that what they can do is that, in some cases, the person in question has to undergo a series of surgical interventions to ensure that their organs and the their operation are not impaired.
Thus, for example, there are what are known as neural tube defects, which are those that are identified as being congenital and affecting both the spinal cord and the brain. There are various kinds of those, however, among the most frequent are anencephaly or spina bifida, which causes inability to move in the legs.
On the other hand, there is also what is called a ventricular septal defect which, as its name suggests, directly affects the heart. Specifically, what it means is that the person who has it has an abnormal opening in what is the wall that is responsible for separating the two ventricles that said organ has.
This defect is also congenital and can lead the person in question to have a series of far-reaching physical problems that can lead to other cardiological defects. However, some of them are most commonly corrected in an operating room so that the patient can lead a life, as far as possible, as normal as possible.
Internal defects, on the other hand, are linked to an attitude or behavior that is harmful to the person or to other people.
Psychologists insist that people must recognize and accept the defects, both their own and others. That is the only possible way to achieve well-being and develop a harmonious coexistence.
For the law, finally, a formal defect is a fault that derives from an infringement of the procedural rules. These defects can lead to the nullity of judicial proceedings.