Alexia is the French neologism from which the concept of alexia emanates. However, it is fair and necessary to emphasize the fact that it, for its part, has its etymological origin in the Greek. And it is that this language took the two parts that compose it: the prefix “a” which means “without” and the term “legein” that comes to translate as “read” and “diction”.
Therefore, sticking to that formation of words, it can be said that alexia is the impossibility that a person has to read.
The alexia is characterized by the inability to read texts and occurs following brain injury area. This is the loss of reading ability when it has already been acquired. When the specialist diagnoses it, it usually also detects a picture of agraphia, that is, a marked lack of the ability to write even when the person retains his language and understands what is said to him.
In 1881, the French-born neurologist Joseph Jules Dejerine (1849 – 1917) managed to determine that those who suffer from both alexia and agraphia fail to identify the terms that spell them out loud or to spell a certain word for themselves.
Various studies have shown that in childhood the prospect of recovery is greater in relation to adulthood when brain injury occurs, a situation that seems to confirm the hypothesis that the right hemisphere of the youngest has abilities to carry out the language functions if there is damage to the left hemisphere.
Faced with alexia, therapists recommend performing simple exercises based on proposing to unite different letters (from, for example, a consonant followed by a vowel) and, when the child has mastered this process, move on to more complex exercises that include structures auditory-vocalic type.
Specifically, experts in the field determine that there are three different types of alexia. Thus, in the first place, we should speak of the call alexia without spelling, also called pure. This is one that has a person who has an absolute inability to read but, however, has no deficit in what is writing.
In second place is alexia with agraph or central, which is defined by the fact that the individual who suffers it has lost all the capacity for both reading and writing.
And finally we have frontal alexia, which is the one that affects what is the central lobe of the brain. This means that the person in question spells very poorly, has trouble identifying words, and is also likely to have profound dyslexia. In this case, it is recommended as a treatment to start with simple letter exercises and then, little by little, introduce more complicated tasks.
On the other hand, Alexia is also the name of an Italian singer born on May 19, 1967, who achieved great success in the 1990s with her songs in English. Starting in 2002, he began to stand out with songs sung in his native language.
Finally, mention may be made of Alexia Ashford, a fictional character created for the video game Resident Evil Code: Veronica. This is the matriarch of the last generation of the Ashfords.