Bullying is called any form of physical, verbal or psychological abuse or harassment that occurs between children and young people of school age repeatedly over time at school or college.
Bullying, also known as harassment, abuse, bullying or bullying, in English, bullying , is a type of emotional violence that takes place in schools, and in their spaces (the classroom, the playground, the gym), although it can also be extended to other spaces, such as social networks, with cyberbullying.
It consists of a form of systematic and continuous torture in which the aggressor submits his victim through physical, verbal, psychological torture, intimidation and isolation, to undermine his confidence and destroy his image in front of his companions.
In this dynamic, the aggressor is perceived as stronger than the victim, whether this force is real or not. The victim, meanwhile, feels inferior and lives with fear or anguish in school.
Bullying usually develops silently, in view of other classmates, accomplices by action or omission. And it can have severe psychological consequences on the harassed individual.
Consequences of bullying
Bullying has dire consequences on the physical and mental health of the victim. On the one hand, it affects your school performance, and, on the other, your personal well-being, resulting in you suffering from low self-esteem, image distortion, anxiety, nervousness, irritability or depression, among other things. Depending on how hard the situation may be, it can lead to thoughts about suicide in the victim of harassment and even its materialization.
Types of bullying
There are different types of bullying. They can be presented specifically or jointly, depending on the situation.
- Physical: includes all kinds of physical aggressions, ranging from kicks and punches, to pushing, among other things.
- Verbal: it is expressed by words with motes or nicknames, insults, humiliations, disqualifications, etc.
- Psychological: seeks to undermine the self-esteem of the person through threats and harassment, creating a situation of constant fear and tension.
- Social: seeks to isolate the victim from the rest of the group.