The Greek word katēgoría came to late Latin as a category, which passed into our language as a category. A category is called a class, a type, a condition or a division of something.
For example: “If next year I get upgraded in my job, I will earn more money”, “There are teams in the second category of local soccer that have a very good level”, “The Argentine athlete won the gold medal in the category up to 48 kilograms ”.
At work or professional field, usually divide people into categories according to their capabilities, responsibilities and seniority in office. The different categories, in turn, involve receiving different remunerations. A teacher with the auxiliary category, to cite one case, earns less than another with the titular category.
Precisely within the professional field, categories are important to determine the contribution group to which employees belong and, therefore, to set their salary. Thus, as a general rule, one speaks of categories such as the following: engineers and graduates, qualified assistants, administrative heads, non-qualified assistants, administrative officers, subordinates, administrative assistants…
The sports also tend to appeal to categories to organize your skills. In soccer, there are tournaments of various categories or divisions. The most important category is usually known as A or First Division. In boxing, judo, and other contact disciplines, athletes compete in categories that are determined by weight.
Within the scope of Language, we find the so-called grammatical categories. These are the classifications of words that are made based on the work that they perform within a sentence. In this way, we come across some such as the following categories:
-Nouns, which are those words that are responsible for naming or designating objects or people. They can in turn be classified into several categories such as concrete, proper, abstract, improper, individual…
-Adjectives, which are the words that accompany and determine the noun. They can be qualifying, possessive, interrogatory, numerals, demonstrative…
-Articles, which accompany a noun they state. It should be noted that they have to match that both in gender and number.
-Prononyms, which are identified by being the words that come to replace the noun. They are classified as interrogative, possessive, indefinite…
-Prepositions, which are words that lack meaning at the lexical level.
-Conjunctions, which are invariable like prepositions and which are responsible for indicating the relationship that exists between two or more sentences or words.
-Verbs, which are the words that are responsible for establishing and indicating the action that occurs in the sentence.
Category, on the other hand, is used as a synonym for quality: “Tomorrow we will go to dinner at a high-class restaurant”, “The money was only enough to sleep in a low-class hotel”, “The category of this liquor is indisputable ”.
The grammar (as a mode of classification of words) and philosophy (as an entity, notion or concept of general and abstract) also appeal to the idea category.