What are Competencies?
Competencies are those skills, abilities and knowledge that a person has to efficiently fulfill a certain task.
Competencies are characteristics that train someone in a certain field. Not only do they include theoretical skills, but they also define thinking, character, values, and good management of problem situations.
Competences are acquired through learning and training people; They are a fundamental tool for exercising in the field where such skills are necessary.
They combine skills and ability to perform a role effectively and across time, generally defined at the professional or production level.
Types of competitions
The competencies are defined according to the area in which they are executed. There are several types of skills that can be divided into basic skills, generic skills and specific skills.
Basic competences, or also called life competences, help the individual to insert himself adequately in a certain social context, such as adaptation, respect and tolerance. It is usually associated with universal values.
Generic competences are also defined as basic competences. Generic competencies are those that are useful in all kinds of profession or work, such as teamwork, proactivity, empathy or creativity.
Specific competencies refer to those that are necessary in a professional field or in a specific area. Some of them are:
- Job competencies: are those defined in the framework of a job or profession that determine performance and efficiency at work, such as motivation, knowledge and skill.
- Teaching competences: are those defined for the effective transmission of knowledge. Some teaching skills are the organization and animation of situations for learning, the management of student progress and the ability to inform and involve parents about their children’s learning.
- Communication skills: those that demonstrate the ability to communicate effectively respecting both grammatical rules and those in the field of linguistics (lexical, phonetic and semantic).