Harassment is understood as the act of harassing. Harassment is to pursue, with determination and ardor, without giving respite to rest, to a person or animal.
Harassment can occur in any field and can be suffered by any individual without social, educational, economic distinction. As such, the harassment can be exercised by aggressors of superior, equal or inferior hierarchies in reference to the victim, through the practice of constant violent or intimidating acts on a person, in order to destabilize the victim and create discomfort or disagreement in one’s own.
In the area of psychology, harassment is seen as a disorder or obsession suffered by a group of people that leads them to perform certain actions such as spying on their victims, following them, calling them, threatening them and committing violent acts against them.
The stalker is an individual who harasses, physically, psychologically, or through the use of technologies, either through the internet or telephone.
In the case of cyberbullying, its purpose is to monitor the victim’s daily movements through social networks – facebook, Instagram, twitter – and once the private information has been obtained, the harassment process begins, which leads to sexual harassment, or love obsession, unable to accept a rejection by the victim.
Different types of stalkers can be distinguished, such as: workplace, sexual, school, physical stalker. Due to the seriousness of the disorder, some countries, such as Colombia, Mexico, have supported the introduction of harassment to prevent and punish it, as well as other actions, be it harassment.
According to psychological studies carried out on the stalker, he presents a psychological profile that highlights: lack of empathy, lack of feelings of guilt, paranoid, compulsive liar, premeditated manipulator, among others.
In the animal kingdom, harassment is the pursuit on horseback, in the open field, of a beef vaccine.
Finally, the term under study has been used as a title in different films such as: “Harassment,” starring Demi Moore and Michael Douglas, “Harassment in the classroom,” produced by filmmaker Marta Coolidge.
Bullying, also called bullying, is the verbal or physical abuse specifically suffered by a child in the educational field. Bullying affects all children and youth of different social conditions, and they suffer from subjugations, intimidation, threats, which undermine the child’s dignity and fundamental rights in order to obtain something.
Sexual harassment is any verbal, psychological or physical behavior, directed against a person because of their sex for the purpose of creating an intimidating, hostile, humiliating environment, and to attempt against their dignity.
However, sexual harassment can also be seen along with other harassments such as labor, in which it is carried out by a person who because of the power he has within the company abuses and sexually intimidates another person. Most of the time, he is a superior who, due to his hierarchical position, blackmails sexually or “quid pro quo” against a person of lower rank, conditioning his salary, working conditions, continuity in the workplace, among others.
Work or moral harassment, often known as mobbing, in this type of harassment the victim receives unjustified psychological violence through hostile acts leading to fear or terror in the worker, in order to destroy their communication networks, reputation, relationship within your work environment to get you to leave in the workplace.
In this sense, workplace harassment is often caused by the abuse of power that leads to a state of helplessness and risk to the victim.
Physical and verbal harassment
Harassment can be carried out physically or verbally. In reference to physical harassment, it consists of hurting a person or his belongings through blows, trips, shoves, inappropriate gestures, destroying the victim’s assets, among other actions.
For its part, verbal harassment consists in expressing unpleasant things, which includes teasing, insults, provocations, inappropriate sexual comments and threats.