The practice of physical activities is recommended at all ages, as it increases the disposition, prevents disease and improves the quality of life, however, there are some situations that physical activity should be performed with caution or, even, is not indicated.
People with cardiovascular problems or who have undergone surgical procedures, for example, should not perform the exercise without the release of the doctor, since there may be complications during exercise which can lead to death, for example.
So, before you start the practice of physical activities, it is necessary to do a series of tests to know if there is any change in cardiovascular, motor or joint that can prevent or limit the exercises.
When the physical activity is not recommended
The contraindication of exercise does not concern the non-achievement of physical activity, but to practice with the care and monitoring of a physical education professional to prevent any complications, such as injuries and even death in some situations, such as for example:
People who have heart diseases, which are diseases related to the heart, such as hypertension and heart failure, for example, should practice physical activity only with the permission of the cardiologist and accompanied by a physical education professional.
This is because due to the effort made during the year, even that little bit too intense, there may be increased heart rate, which can result in a heart attack or STROKE, for example. Meet the cardiovascular disease the most common.
Despite the physical activity to be recommended in these cases with the goal of improving the quality of life of the person and reduce the symptoms of the disease, it is important that the cardiologist east as to the best type of exercise, frequency and intensity that should be carried out to avoid complications.
2. Children and the elderly
The practice of physical activity in childhood is very recommended, because in addition to allowing a better development of the cardiorespiratory, causes the child to interact with other children, especially when practicing team sports. The contraindication of the practice of physical activity in childhood with respect to exercises that involve weight lifting or high intensity, because they may interfere in their development. Thus, it is recommended that children engage in physical activities more aerobic, such as dancing, football or judo, for example.
In the case of the elderly, the practice of physical activities should be closely monitored by a trained professional, a time that is common that older people have limited movement, which makes certain exercises are contraindicados.
Pre-eclampsia is a complication in pregnancy characterized by change in the blood circulation, the decreased ability of blood clotting and high blood pressure. When this situation is not treated and controlled, there may be premature birth and sequelae to the baby, for example.
Therefore, pregnant women that have been diagnosed with pre-eclampsia can practice physical activity from that released by the obstetrician and accompanied by the professional of physical education to prevent the emergence of complications during pregnancy. Learn to recognize the symptoms of pre-eclampsia.
4. After marathons
After the completion of marathons or competitions intense, it is important to rest to restore the energy and muscle mass lost during the exercise, otherwise there will be more chance of the occurrence of the injury. Thus, it is recommended that if you rest 3 to 4 days after the completion of a marathon, for example, that physical activity can be resumed.
5. Cold and flu
In spite of the exercises promote the increase of the immunity, the practice of intense physical activity when it is the flu, for example, is not indicated. This is because the practice of exercises in an intense way may further aggravate the symptoms and delay the progress.
This way, when it is the flu or a cold, the best thing to do is to rest and return to activities in a progressive manner when the symptoms are no longer present.
6. After surgery
The physical activities after the completion of surgery should only happen after the release of the doctor and, preferably, under the supervision of a trained professional. This is because after surgical procedures, the body goes through a process of adaptation, which can make the person feel bad during physical activity.
So, after the surgery, it is recommended to wait until recovery is complete so that they can be carried out exercises with intensity progressive.